The purchase of painting of Aleksandr Świeszewski.

The Regional Museum in Rzeszów bought a valuable painting “Landscape with the windmill silhouette” by Aleksandr Świeszewski. The purchase was possible due to the funding from the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.

Aleksander Świeszewski (1839 - 1895) was a great painter and one of the most important representatives of Polish “Munich School”. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw under the guidance of Christian Breslauer, and then he continued studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. Świeszewski took part in January Uprising and after its collapse he lived in Munich. The painter kept in touch with Poland and exhibited his works in “Zachęta” in Warsaw and in the Kraków Society of Friends of Fine Arts.

Aleksander Świeszewski painted mostly beautiful mountain landscapes and most of all traveled to Italy. He also journeyed to France and Switzerland and arrived in our country. Świeszewski during these journeys made sketches, on the basis of which he painted pictures later. The painter achieved success and also won recognition (medals and diplomas), and in 1881 his “Landscape with the windmill silhouette” was bought by Ludwig II of Bavaria. Aleksander Świeszewski mostly painted seascapes, rural and picturesque Italian landscapes as well as scenery of the Alps. Often his paintings are small, but he also created big canvases. Works of Aleksander Świeszewski are a combination of beautiful composition, interesting colors and perfect technique.

Professor Tadeusz Dobrowolski wrote about Aleksander Świeszewski: „... his Polish landscapes are the reason to consider him such realists as Gerson, Malecki and Szermentowski, giving him a long-term place in the history of our painting…” We can read about Aleksander Świeszewski inPolish artists in Munich 1828-1914. Source materials”. The author of this book wrote: “…sometimes melancholy drew him with a violent force, but he was inclined to bright and good mood…”

The artist's works which were created in Munich are "permeated with poetic charm."

The posthumous exhibition was in the capital of Bavaria in 1896.

His paintings are located in major Polish museums and private collections in the country and abroad and are available at permanent and temporary exhibitions.

The most famous works of Aleksander Świeszewski include: “The village Masłowice”, “Scenery of the Alps”, “Landscape with the high pine”, “Landscape with boats at sunset”, “The road to the village”, “Lake in the Alps”, “Evening on the Lake Gosausee” and “Largo Di Aurozono”.

The beautiful oil painting Landscape with the windmill silhouette” is lit by the summer sun behind the clouds. Blue sky takes up most of the image. Another part of this painting is a rural, almost idyllic landscape on a sunny day. The picture is decorated in a soft color palette and has a spectacular space.Landscape with the windmill silhouette” presents an atmospheric and at the same time the static composition of the rural landscape, which consists of several levels. This picture has two dominant areas: various colourful nature and delicate luminous sky.

At the forefront of the complex composition is located large and interesting vegetable garden and the hare under beet leaves. Nearby there are silhouettes of two women. Behind them there are barns with a thatched roof and two haystacks. On the horizon we can see various trees which are located erratically; on the right sight there are a lot of pines, and on the left sight - poplars and we can see the composition of the windmill wing. Furthermore, on the biggest barn (with high chimney) is a stork on the nest.

Aleksander Świeszewski with the commitment or even penetration, in detail, painted masterfully fragments and details of nature, in realistic shapes of the branches of trees, cabbages with large leaves and other plants. The landscape also includes sunflowers and a small pond with bright water surface and roundpole fence.

Tadeusz Dobrowolski wrote: “In landscapes compositions he paid more attention to foreground objects. Thus, cabbages formed a foreground; a background with trees and barns was stretched, and narrow horizon line with windmill silhouette finished the composition”.

This picture was made in Munich in 1888. It was signed, dated and framed.

Munich is called "Athens on the Isar" or "Bavarian Athens." Between 1836 and 1914 there are over 300 Polish artists who studied in this city. In addition they were educated in private schools or by themselves and then stayed on a permanent basis, and our other artists came to the exhibitions.

Munich School is the name given to a group of painters who worked in Munich. They distinguished from foreign authors by different subjects connected with our Country. Polish painters used in their work themes from literature and historical events. (romanticism is more extensive and pronounced). In addition, dominating position of art was given to realism (native landscapes with romantic atmosphere). The essence of this landscape was toned colors with a predominance of brown and gray. Such images of Polish artists were bought, because “Polish landscapes” or “polnische Landschaften” were very successful. Works of our representatives of Munich School were exhibited at individual and collective expositions. One of the largest projects was exposition “Polish Painters in Munich” at the Regional Museum in Suwałki.

Tłumaczenie: Polina Prylepska

 
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