Museum of the History of Rzeszów – general information
“Six Centuries of Rzeszów” is the title of an exhibition that can be visited in the Museum of the History of Rzeszów. Four rooms feature an exhibition on the history of the city and region, the most important events in its history, as well as profiles of the most famous inhabitants of Rzeszów and other people connected with this place. The first part of the exhibition (room I) is devoted to the history of the city from its foundation under the Magdeburg rights in 1354 to the First Partition of Poland. This section houses objects associated with having power in the city (e.g. documents, town till, town hall bell) and with religious life of the city dwellers. Their daily life is illustrated by guild artefacts and works of craftsmen from Rzeszów. Medieval and hussar armour together with cold weapons complement this part of the exhibition.
After the First Partition of Poland in 1772, Rzeszów was annexed by Austria. This period spanning over a hundred years in the history of the city forms a considerable part of the exhibition (room II). There are also a fair number of objects referring to the Austrian authorities in the city, including a uniform of an Austrian official, and Austrian coins and notes. The period of Galician autonomy favoured the development of many social and cultural organisations whose badges and memorabilia are shown in this part of the exhibition. Memorabilia from national uprisings are also showcased here. A part of the exhibition is devoted to the Jewish population, a significant proportion of whom lived in Rzeszów at that time. The Judaica collection and objects connected with Mosaic life and religion are displayed. An interesting piece here is a city miniature model based on Wiedemann’s plan, representing Rzeszów in the second part of the 18th century.
Another part of the exhibition (room III) presents the fate of the city and its inhabitants during the First World War and the interwar period. Here, visitors can see weapons and soldiers’ accoutrements.
An interesting section of the exhibition features objects related to the hero of the period of struggles for independence and boundaries, Leopold Lis-Kula. The interwar period was a time of considerable economic growth for the city and the development of cultural and social life. This is accentuated by memorabilia connected with the scout movement, “Reduta” Theatre and the Regional Association of Rzeszów Land, and, above all, with Rzeszów’s industrial plants built in the Central Industrial Region. Commemorative items linked to the 20th Uhlan Regiment of King Jan III Sobieski allude to the presence of a military garrison in the interwar life of Rzeszów.
The last section of the exhibition (room IV) covers the period of the Second World War. The objects displayed in this part relate to such issues as the defensive war in 1939, the occupation authority, underground opposition and the Holocaust. In addition, the uniform of an officer of the 10th Cavalry Brigade can be seen, as well as uniforms of the occupation authorities and documents of the Home Army of Rzeszów District. The Germans left Rzeszów in the first days of August 1944, which is symbolised by a Nazi eagle downed from the castle tower.
The exhibition is educational. It is complemented by numerous display boards showing, amongst other things, a fragment of a city foundation document dating from 1354 along with coats of arms of the city owners. There are chronological reviews in each room that list the most important events for the city and give the number of inhabitants in different historical periods.
The “Six centuries of Rzeszów” exhibition comprises several extremely valuable pieces, e.g. a legions’ shield, a sabre that belonged to Leopold Lis-Kula, as well as the torso which was a part of the statue of him damaged by the Nazis in April 1940.
Tłumaczenie: Biuro Tłumaczeń i Szkoła Językowa Skrivanek