Muzeum Etnograficzne - informacje ogólne

     The concept behind the first ethnographic exhibition, organized in Rzeszów in 1910 as part of celebrating the 500th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald, was first proposed by Ludwik Bieńkowski in his solemn address urging local village committees around Rzeszów to take up the action: “The foundation of wisdom is to know your own self. How can we be wise if we do not know ourselves? (…) Let the peasant demonstrate his pain, his toil, his struggle with mother earth, water, gale, rain or drought, let him present his garments and the tools he uses to earn his daily bread, ploughing the ground for the future”. 

The architecture, embroidery, clothing and folk crafts presented at the exhibition later formed the foundation of the Rzeszów Land Regional Museum, established in 1935. Franciszek Kotula, in cooperation with the Rzeszów Land Regional Society, stored the accumulated exhibits at the Adam Mickiewicz School in Rzeszów (4 Bernardyńska Street) and used them in his work as a history teacher. In 1940 the collection was moved to a tenement house in the Town Square, which later became the first seat of the Rzeszów museum. The founding of the Regional Museum in Rzeszów in 1950 followed by the nationalization of the collection in 1952 made it possible for the institution to fulfil the goals and tasks entrusted to museum facilities. In the early years, the profile of the museum developed under the strong influence of the personality of its long-time director, F. Kotula. His personal interests were reflected in the research activities of the museum and the choice of exhibits, as well as the numerous publications and cultural-educational projects. At that time, a diverse archive of ethnographic materials was established to document the history of the region, including interviews with the oldest villagers, photographs, drawings and tape recordings.

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Tłumaczenie: Biuro Tłumaczeń i Szkoła Językowa Skrivanek